Naples is the capital of the Campania region and the province of Naples. The city is one of the largest UNESCO World Heritage sites in Europe because of its rich culture, history, art, architecture, music and cuisine, which dates back to more 2,800 years ago. It is surrounded by the picturesque Gulf of Naples, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields. The 20th century witnessed the rise of Naples after the heavy bombing of World War II. While preserving its rich heritage, the city with its business district and modern buildings, road and transport systems, is now considered one of the richest cities in the world. Aside from these, a visit to Naples will not be complete without a taste of pizza, which traces its beginnings to the city.
Named after the plebiscite in 1860 which brought Naples to the united kingdom of Italy, the piazza is the largest in Naples. The piazza was started in the 19th century by the Bonapartist King Murat and was finished by the Bourbon King Ferdinand IV. It is surrounded by the Royal Palace, the Church of San Francesco di Paola and the colonnades around it. Across the piazza is the oldest and largest opera house of Teatro di San Carlo and the Galleria Umberto.