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Sardegna (Sardinia)

Sardinia Italy Sardinia Map

Major Cities:


Situated about 124 miles west of the mainland, Sardinia is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. A land of diversities, Sardinia boasts a very rugged and wild interior while its coastline is calm and beautiful, boasting fancy resort destinations and clear waters that attract visitors from all over Europe and beyond.

Sardinia has a very typical Mediterranean climate and is blessed with more than 300 days of sunshine each year, one of the reasons it’s so popular with tourists. Rain comes mostly in the winter and autumn and the mountains do experience an occasional snowfall. But the Mistral winds make this place a sailor’s dream!

The major agricultural pursuits in Sardinia are goat and sheep rearing (resulting in the production of excellent cheeses), winemaking, and farming (particularly rice, citrus fruits, and some vegetables). Some Sardinians also work in industries such as petrochemicals, cement, pharmaceuticals, shipbuilding, food, and tourism. In all, Sardinia is wealthier than most of the other southern Italian regions.

Italy tour participants often include Sardinia on their itinerary. Usually, they’ll start their trip in Cagliari, the capital city, home to about 150,000 residents. It’s an ancient city, occupied by a huge variety of civilizations. Yet, despite its antiquity, it is also known for its wonderful collection of Art Deco structures. That means visitors can enjoy a variety of architecture, from the old Castello on the hill to an ancient Roman amphitheater to the 1930s structures found in some of the pre-World War II-built neighborhoods. Cagliari also has a long strip of coastline – Poetto Beach – with powdery white sand, great for relaxing after sightseeing.

Looking for a great archaeological site? Head to Nora, a pre-Roman town that is believed to be Sardinia’s first town, probably abandoned around the 8th century A.D. Much of the remains of this once-important trading town have been excavated and the Roman, Phoenician, and Carthaginian ruins serve as an open-air museum.

Coastal resorts are abundant and have long attracted the wealthy. These include Costa Smerelda in the northeast, with its beautiful beaches and charming villages. There’s also a golf club there and an annual sailing regatta. Wealthy Americans, Europeans, and Arabs fly to Costa Smerelda in their private planes and helicopters to enjoy the view, which also includes some notable ruins. Other popular beach destinations in the Sardinian region include Cala Gonone in the east and the posh Riviera di Corallo in the northwest.